Places of solace and places of strife: In Conversation with Sarah Naqvi
by Critical Collective
Sarah Naqvi speaks of women in her family and women in Islam, and the constant churn in the effort that underlies her multi-faceted practice.

19 Jul 2021

Parvez's performative gestures:The subversion of the capitalist art economy
by Deeksha Nath
The author writes on performance and lens based artist Parvez’s seven month long project in Switzerland questioning the presumptions around audience interaction and the sites of art presentation.

19 Jul 2021

"Wet feet on a rock": Interview with Jyoti Bhatt
by Girinandini Singh
Jyoti Bhatt, Asia Society awardee 2021 on documenting the folkloric tradition of India, and the significance of the accessible archive in the digital age.

19 Jul 2021

Visualising The Virus: On Science Gallery Bengaluru’s Exhibition: Contagion
by Bhavya Sah
On the multiple imaginaries of a virus in Science Gallery Bengaluru's 'Contagion', an online exhibition exploring the transmission of "emotions, behaviours, and diseases."

19 Jul 2021

Home is a queer brown body: Interview with Sunil Gupta
by Gayatri Sinha
Sunil Gupta speaks to Gayatri Sinha on the occasion of a major retrospective at The Photographers Gallery.

14 Jun 2021

Interview with Chitra Ganesh
by Critical Collective
From classical Buddhist texts to early science fiction Chitra Ganesh speaks of the femme body as a site for subversion and transformation.

14 Jun 2021

"My journey as an artist is often through stories of people and places"
by Critical Collective
Boston and Lahore based interdisciplinary artist Hamra Abbas’s practice moves across media and materials to re-envision the great tradition of story-telling (dastangoi), Gongbi, and more.

14 Jun 2021

Reality/Chen, Simply Being/Tse-jan, Cosmic Spirit /Ch’i: Chinese Connection
by Virginia Whiles
Emerging from a severe lockdown in France Virginia Whiles visits an exhibition on Morandi at the Musee de Grenoble, and is moved by his precise, poetic economy of style.

14 Jun 2021

art history


The Disciple: A Journey of Self-Discovery
by Damini Kulkarni
“Things are now changing at a pace that’s hard to comprehend.” Chaitanya Tamhane speaks to Damini Kulkarni about the making of The Disciple (2021)

Gaata Rahe Mera Dil
by Akshay Manwani
On the trinity of lyricists -- Sahir Ludhianvi, Shailendra and Majrooh Sultanpuri, -- Akshay Manwani writes on their words being "rich in metaphor and eternal in quality." (2021)

Aspects of Production and Consumption in the Popular Hindi Film Song Industry
by Alison E. Arnold
The author explores trends in the direction of Hindi film songs towards creating a popular Indian commercial music that employed classical and folk traditions. (1993)

Playback Singer Rafi
by Filmfare
A 1954 Filmfare article gives a rare glimpse into the life of Mohammed Rafi, from his humble beginnings to building an iconic career that held India in thrall. (1954)

Song and the Indian Film
by Kobita Sarkar
Sarkar examines the role of songs in Indian cinema, reflecting on their cultural specificity to India as observed in popular films. (1951)

The Mother and the Daughter in a Son’s Story: The Apu Trilogy and Women’s Modernity
by Anindya Sengupta
Interrogating the idea of the secular core of the Apu trilogy through a recursive and empowering reading of the women characters in the films. (2021)

In search of a gestalt in Ray's cinema
by Sayandeb Chowdhury
Taking a broad view of Ray's oeuvre, the author identifies in his practice an "elusive gestalt" that addresses the contradictions of mid 20th century modernity in India. (2021)

‘How Do I Look?’: Looking at what women want in Satyajit Ray’s films
by Madhuja Mukherjee
A reflection on 'feminine' wants in Satyajit Ray's films through subjects of desire, gender and material underscoring the corporeal manifestation of feminine aspirations. (2021)

Lens Based Practices

This End to the Other
by Roobina Karode
Roobina Karode writes on Rameshwar Broota’s photographic works, as “wedged between human intention and technical invention”. (2011)

Orographers in a Photographic Terrain
by Deepika Sorabjee
Sorabjee writes on Gauri Gill and Seher Shah’s contemporary photographs of found spaces - as universal ‘sites’ creating a tapestry of stories evocative of life. (2015)

Violence of her Desires
by Suchitra Vijayan
On Ashish Avikunthak's "Camusian revolt" in Rati Chakravyuh, probing questions of mortality and the fate of an individual in the era of modernity. (2014)

Photography Today
by T. Kasinath
Writing towards the end of the twentieth century, the author laments the general apathy towards photography as an art form. (1988)

On Photography: Between Reproduction and Representation
by R. Nandakumar
On notions of the authenticity of the photographic image and its ontological status. (2003)

Photography as compared to other arts
by Jyoti Bhatt
On the many aspects of photography in India - the differences and the interdependence - between painting and photography. (1992)

When Bodies Leak | On Sohrab Hura’s ‘Spill’
by Najrin Islam
On Sohrab Hura's practice spanning the last 15 years and the contextual entanglement that his image-making reveals. (2020)

Staging the Modern Ruin: Beato’s “Sikander Bagh, Lucknow
by Ateya Khorakiwala
On the socio-political and archiectural aspects within the photograph by Felice Beato. (2013)


A Primer on Art Education
by Nandalal Bose
Nandalal Bose lauds Abanindranth Tagore as a “master of the pen as much of the brush”, in his commentary on Tagore’s ‘Sahaj Chitrasikha’, an art primer for young learners. (1929)

Chitrashalas: Ancient Indian Art Galleries
by C Sivaramamurti
The essay looks at "Chitrashalas" in ancient India and the place of significance they held in the life of the aesthetic citizen or "Nagaraka". (1934)

An Artists Village
by Josef James
The author writes on the Cholamandal Artists' Village, the largest artists' commune in India which is credited with the Madras Movement of Art. (1987)

Shadow-Lines: Zainul Abedin and the Afterlives of the Bengal Famine of 1943
by Sanjukta Sunderason
On Zainul Abedin’s evocative renditions of destitute subjects in the aftermath of the Bengal famine and his visualisation of rural domesticity. (2017)

The Bengal School of Painting, To-day
by Nihar Ranjan Ray
Nihar Ranjan Ray critiques the “third-generation” of artists who followed the Bengal School masters Abanindranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose and comments on the lack of originality. (1936)

Sketches of Jamini Roy
by Pranab Ranjan Ray
On Jamini Roy’s drawings and their evocation of an ideal image of rural-agrarian Bengal. (1981)

by Meera Menezes
Two shows, Notes for Tomorrow and (ME)(MORY), illuminate the role of memory in the construction of the self. (2021)

Visual Stories, Real and Confabulated
by Sandhya Bordewekar
The author reviews Gallery Ark's exhibition ‘In the Light of….’,that explores remembered stories in the realm of imaginative confabulation. (2021)


Objects and Their Journeys: In Pursuit of the Provenance of Things
by Jyotindra Jain
The author explores the rising debate around the restitution of cultural heritage, the ethics behind collecting practices in museums and the evolving definition of “provenance” in this context. (2021)

Interview with the curatorial team of the SCO Virtual Exhibition in National Museum, Delhi
by Critical Collective
On the pioneering virtual exhibition showcasing the shared Buddhist heritage of the SCO countries. (2021)

Jane Lombard Prize 2020-22 for Avni Sethi and The Conflictorium Museum
by Sandhya Bordewekar
The writer makes the case for spaces that open up histories of individual and collective trauma. (2020)

"We need to find new ways of engaging the public imagination"
by Critical Collective
Tasneem Mehta speaks to CC about museum and conservation practices in the face of a global lockdown. (2020)

Framing the Grand Historical Narrative of Indian Cinema
by Damini Kulkarni
The NMIC frames cinema less as an art form and more as a national legacy, writes Kulkarni. (2020)

A Tryst with History
by Arundhati Chauhan
A survey of cultural projects and initiatives announced in the last few months that suggest a move afoot to overhaul India’s museums sector. (2020)

The Supreme Court Museum
by Ketaki Varma
"The museum traces the history of jurisprudence alongside a history of India itself," writes Ketaki Varma. (2020)

Demystifying Black Magic

"The museum serves as an important institution to legitimise the overlap of magic, ritualistic traditions and healing practices that form the core of Mayong's cultural history."- Kaustuv Saikia (2020)

Curators and Exhibitions

Manisha Parekh: A River Inside (2020)
by Zeenat Nagree
Zeenat Nagree on Manisha Parekh's solo exhibition held at Jhaveri Contemporary earlier this year. (2020)

In Conversation with Raqs Media Collective
by Amrita Chakravarty
The curators of the latest edition of the Yokohama Triennale on thinking art and the exhibitionary through the lens of the spectrum. (2020)

Kochi Biennale in the Time of Covid-19
by Critical Collective
With the 5th edition slated to be held later this year, Rao and Krishnamachari on the challenges of curating in the midst of a pandemic. (2020)

CC Special: An interview with Ravi Agarwal
by Critical Collective
"I believe the world I live in is largely a matter of my own interpretation and perception" - Agarwal on his latest curation for the Serendipity Arts Festival. (2019)

Incubating Practice: Five Million Incidents
by Amrita Chakravarty
A year-long series of art projects at the Max Mueller Bhavan poses questions about the programming of art. (2019)

Back to the Future
by Amrita Chakravarty
An exhibition at the Shrine Empire Gallery engaged the idea of utopia in art practice.

“No Laughing Matter”: The Politics of Satire
by Ketaki Varma
Ketaki Varma reviews Common Course, an exhibition on political cartooning, curated by Roobina Karode.


In The Theatre of Memory: The Work of Contemporary Art in the Photographic Archive
by Raqs Media Collective
On Raqs Media Collective’s role as artists- subjecting photographs to an “imaginative trial” and moving from the archive to the theatre.

Room Without a Window: On Prajakta Potnis’ solo
by Zasha Colah
On Prajakta Potnis’s solo project for the India Art Fair, 2012, where “the room’s balanced stability in which nothing seems to happen”, becomes the site of drama, action and exploration. (2012)

Vasudha Thozur: Recent Works (1994-1997)
by Vasudha Thozhur and Simryn Gill
The authors explore the locus of Thozhur’s art, where the imagination exists parallel to daily rituals of the household ‘as if to carve something precious out of the body of real life.’

Sacred Groves and Burnt Offerings: A Short Note on Valsan Kolleri
by Geeta Doctor
The mundane and the mysterious in artist Valsan Kolleri's work, exploring of tradition, ritual and the transcendental in his practice. (1995)

On Track
by Roobina Karode
“The obsolescence of artistic hierarchies as well as [resists] the convenient classification of all art that does not represent the outward appearances of reality as ‘abstract paintings" (2007)

Kalaguru Ravishankar Raval (1892-1977): A bridge between Gujarat and the Bengal Revivalist Movement
by Esther David
On Raval's revival of Indian art in Gujarat and its link to the artistic traditions of Ajanta and Bengal.

Amar Nath Sehgal: Selected Sculptures, Graphics and Drawings 1947-1972
by Laxmi Prasad Sihare
The author sheds light on eminent Indian sculptor Amarnath Sehgal, his choice of media, style, and the role of literary and associative elements in his work. (1972)

Engaging with Different Worlds
by B.N. Goswamy
“…Baswani seems to look at the world through the interstices of her mind” writes Goswamy on the wide range of influences on the artist’s work. (2005)

Artists Groups and Collectives

Drifting Threads: Cholamandal Artists’ Village over fifty years
by Ashrafi S Bhagat
Ashrafi Bhagat traces the past, present and future of the Cholamandal Artists' Village in Chennai.

How to Feel a Leak?
CAMP elaborates on their work, THE RADIA TAP(E)S as part of The Ungovernables, New Museum, New York Triennial (2012).

CONA: Points of Reflection
by Hemali Bhuta
Hemali Bhuta on the founding of CONA as a pedagogical structure for artists.

New Group: In conversation with Amitava Das and Mona Rai at New Delhi, April 23, 2014

Amitava Das and Mona talk about the formation of the New Group in 1974.

The Calcutta Group - Its Aims and Achievements
by Prodosh Das Gupta
Prodosh Das Gupta highlights the premise of founding the Calcutta Group in 1940.

Indian Society of Oriental Art
by James H. Cousins

Artists Conversations

Making the Edge Appear
by Sabih Ahmed
Unpacking identity, migration, nationality and changing geographies through space and design in the artist’s work. (2019)

Interview with Indrapramit Roy
by Maitrayee Haldar
Indrapramit Roy on the thematic in his art practise and the importance of nurturing creative potential within the current art education system. (2021)

Notes on Abanindranath Tagore: Interview with Nilima Sheikh
by Gayatri Sinha
On the “choice of enchantments” that literary narratives in Abanindranath’s works offer, Nilima Sheikh speaks to Gayatri Sinha. (2021)

The Staging of “Staging Selves”
by Waswo X. Waswo
Confronting issues of photographic representation, Maya Kóvskaya includes artists practicing in India, China and Iran, constructing a visual and conceptual dialogue between image makers. (2012)

Composing a photograph like a painting: Interview with Pushpamala N.
by Critical Collective
The artist on the underlying themes in her works, ongoing projects and what the future holds for exhibitions and the circulation of art. (2020)

Interview with Gagan Singh
by Critical Collective
The artist on his creative processes and inspirations in the midst of a changing world. (2020)

100 Years of Kala Bhavan: Interview with A. Ramachandran
by Critical Collective
The artist on Kala Bhavan’s approach to public art and interactions with Chinese and Japanese art. (2020)

100 Years of Kala Bhavan: Interview with Anjum Singh
by Critical Collective
Anjum Singh on her early years in Kala Bhavan and the subsequent development of her artistic practices. (2020)


Conquering Land, Conquering Women: Exploring the Co-relation between War and Sexuality in the Early Medieval Indian Inscriptions
by Shatarupa Bhattacharya
The essay explores the thread correlating courtly culture, sexuality and war through epigraphic evidence. (2016)

Aesthetics, Nationalism, and the Image of Woman in Modern Indian Art
by Kedar Vishwanathan
On the "female" appropriation for the cause of imagining an Indian nation, through Raja Ravi Varma's Printing Press, Calcutta Art Studio, and Bengali neo-traditionalists. (2010)

A Man’s World: Gender, Family, and Architectural Patronage, in Medieval India
by Padma Kaimal
The essay investigates questions of agency and gender and looks at the architectural implications of women patrons on medieval South Indian temples. (2003)

Ascribing Feminist Intent: The Invention of the Indian Woman Artist
by Deeptha Achar
Achar examines the consolidation of the ‘Indian woman artist’ as a category in modern Indian art. (2013)

“Sober encounters”: the neoliberal logics of human rights documentary and Indian feminist documentary filmmakers

On modes of production and distribution of feminist documentary films in India. (2016)

Telling Tales: Five contemporary women artists from India
by Jorella Andrews
A review of the exhibition by Ayisha Abraham, Rummana Hussain, Anita Dube, Sheela Gowda, and Pushpamala N. to commemorate fifty years of Indian Independence. (1988)

Feminine Identity and National Ethos in Indian Calendar Art
by Patricia Uberoi
The author examines the representation of women in Indian popular art. (1990)

Masculinities: Liberation through Photography
by Katyayani Sinha
A landmark exhibition at the Barbican attempts an expansive survey of a much-contested terrain. (2020)


An Outline of Indian Aesthetics
by Nagendra
On the various speculations pertaining to the nature of Beauty in the Indian context and the contribution of Indian poetics and philosophy in its formulation. (1934)

The Dynamism of the Indian Concept of Rasa
by K S Ramaswamy Shastri
On the concept and origin of Rasa in Indian aesthetics and the development of its elements. (1935)

Some Modern Critics and Ancient Texts on the Aesthetic Value of Hindu Images
by N.V. Mallavya
On the aesthetic and iconographical aspects of ancient Indian sculpture as outlined in the Agamas and Shastras. (1942)

Anandavardhana’s Treatment of Pratibha in Relation to Dhvani
by K. Krishnamoorthy
On the concept of Pratibha or creative imagination brought about by the agency of Dhvani. (1950)

Peculiarities in the Alamkara-Section of the Agni-Purana
by Suresh Mohan Bhattacharya
On the unique modes of treatment accorded to Alamkara and its constituent elements in the Agni Purana. (1960)

Studies in Dhvanyaloka, the Adivakya in Dhvanyaloka
by V.A. Ramaswami Sastri
On the importance of dhvani in communicating the essence of emotion inherent in poetry and drama. (1955)

Paintings and Allied Arts as Revealed in Bana’s Works
by C Sivaramamurti
The essay examines the aesthetics of painting and sculpting in the cannons of Classical Indian Art. (1933)

The Concept of Beauty in Fine Arts and Literature
by Prabhakar Machwe
In this essay, the writer unpacks the meaning of 'beauty' within the framework of aesthetic criticism. (1958)


by Salima Hashmi
With Bani Abidi's nomination for the Böttcherstraße prize, Salima Hashmi writes on a generation of Pakistani women artists' work "as a site for mutinous content and personal empowerment.” (2020)

TANTRA: Enlightenment to Revolution
by Virginia Whiles
The author reviews the ongoing exhibition at the British Museum through a ‘socially distanced’ critique, following online talks and exchanges with colleagues. (2020)

Contesting and coalescing voices from Dhaka Art Summit
by Mustafa Zaman
In its 5th edition, DAS invited the voices of different communities, giving them a chance to articulate in their own terms, the legacies of colonial/postcolonial modernity. (2020)

Lahore Biennale: ‘between the sun and the moon’
by Virginia Whiles
The second Lahore Biennale stages a polyphony of artistic voices weighing in on the shared cultural and political history of South Asia and the Middle East. (2020)

Bani Abidi: Funland

Curators Hoor Al Qasimi and Natasha Ginwala on a major survery of Bani Abidi's works exhibited at Sharjah Art Foundation. (2019)

Sharjah Diaries | In Conversation with Nidhi Mahajan
by Gayatri Sinha
The curator on her installation-performance "Silences and Spectres of the Indian Ocean." (2019)

Sharjah Diaries | In Conversation with Adrian Lahoud
by Gayatri Sinha
The curator of the first edition of the Sharjah Architecture Triennial on initiating a critical dialogue from "south to south." (2019)

Sharjah Diaries | In Conversation with Marina Tabassum
by Gayatri Sinha
Tabassum on her latest presentation, "Inheriting Wetness", at the inaugural Sharjah Architecture Triennial. (2019)

CC Books

Gandhi in the Gallery
by Gayatri Sinha
Ramaswamy tracks the idea of Gandhi as an ethical crucible, expanding far beyond his death, in the imagination of the Indian artist. (2021)

23 Grams of Salt: Retracing Gandhi’s March to Dandi by Anuj Ambalal
by Girinandini Singh
The author reviews Anuj Ambalal’s photo-book 23 Grams of Salt which re-visits the historic journey of the Dandi March today. (2021)

B.N. Goswamy’s The Great Mysore Bhagavata
by Sama Haq
The author comments on codicology and patronage in the Bhagavata manuscript from the royal atelier of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III of Mysore. (2020)

Aadi Anant: Creative Continuum and Unsung Masters by Sushma Bahl
by Sohini Singh
A ready-reckoner showcasing the myriad facets of the indigenous arts of India. (2020)

Interview with Indira Chandrasekhar
by Critical Collective
Indira Chandrasekhar on setting up Tulika Books, the relationship between contemporary art and publishing, and the future of books as a form. (2020)

Along the Indian Highway: An Ethnography of an International Travelling Exhibition by Catherine Bublatzky
by Simone Wille
An ethnographic reading of the decade old exhibition. (2020)

Books Received | May 2020
by Amrita Chakravarty and Ketaki Varma
A compilation of short book reviews.

Vision and Landscape- Aquatints of India by Thomas Daniell and William Daniell, edited by Giles Tillotson
by Sama Haq
On the denotative and connotative functions of the prints by the Daniells in the DAG collection. (2020)


by Shivani Kasumra
Two parallel group shows by four galleries folds in the stirrings of our present, where art steers one beyond the foreclosures of finitude--of space, time, and imagination. (2021)

Cinema and the “Art” of Archiving
by Amrita Chakravarty
A look at contemporary art projects that draw on the archive of cinema as a source of alternative histories. (2021)

Abanindranath Tagore and the creation of a Regional Avant-Garde
by Partha Mitter
In Abanindranath Tagore's sesquicentennial year, Partha Mitter makes "a bold claim that he created a regional Asian expression of avant-garde art whose implications are still unfolding”. (2021)

A Fragile Inheritance: Radical Stakes in Contemporary Indian Art
by Saloni Mathur
On culture and politics of decolonization and the role of non-Western aesthetic avant-gardes within the discourses of contemporary art. (2020)

Why Statues Matter: The Changing Landscape of Calcutta’s Colonial and Postcolonial Statuary
by Tapati Guha-Thakurta
On the shifting casts and sites of Kolkata’s public statues. (2020)

A Critique of Ananda Coomaraswamy’s Presuppositions for a Philosophy of Indian Art
by Ratan Parimoo
On Coomaraswamy’s work on art and aesthetics in light of Indian philosophy. (2020)